Lunar habitat design study funded by ESA ( European Space Agency) OSIP program .
This lunar habitat is located in the close vicinity of one of the lunar poles in places where sunlight is almost permanently available.
The habitat will operate self-sufficiently in the long term by producing and recycling its own oxygen and food inside large greenhouses and exclusively by using solar irradiation power.
The concept features the combination of:
- Prefabricated ultra-light inflatable structures
- Covering the inflated structure with a 4 -5 meters thick layer of local loose regolith or efficient protection from extreme temperature, meteorites and cosmic radiation.
- The use of mirrors that rotate towards the sun and bring visible sunlight into the greenhouses
On top a hyperbolic truss frame tower holds a mirror membrane that reflects the horizontally arriving sunlight down into an artificial crater, where another cone-shaped mirror directs the sunlight into the toroidal greenhouse. The tower is based on a circular magnetic rail and rotates to follow the direction of the sun light. In order to simulate night, the mirror is simply turned away from the sun for 5-6 hours within every 24hours cycle